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conjunction(連接詞)

連接詞分
 對等連接詞
 相關連接詞
 準連接詞(是副詞而非連接詞)
 從屬連接詞
   引導名詞子句
   引導形容詞子句
   引導副詞子句

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連接詞
用作字與字,片語與片語,子句與子句的結合

對等連接詞
and,
 和
 ex:the thief moved quickly and quietly 小偷快速而安靜地行動
 ex:some say that life on earth originated out there and was seeded here  有人表示地球上的生物源於外太空並在地球上播種培養出來的
 ex:I saw a cat, a mouse, and a fish. 
 那麼 
 ex:study hard,and you will succeed 努力用功,那麼你就會成功
 與too搭配,表示也
 ex:I like tea, and he does too
 與either搭配,表示也不
 ex:I don't like tea, and he doesn't either 
or,
 或

 ex:which would you like ,tea or coffee ?你要喝茶還是咖啡
 否則(祈使句,or s v)
 ex:study hard,or you will fail 努力用功,否則你會失敗
but,
 但是

 ex:the hummingbird is very small but very brave 蜂鳥很小,卻很勇敢
 ex:I went to bed but couldn't sleep
 不~而(not...but...)
 ex:she is not my sister but my niece 她不是我的妹妹而是我的姪女
 省略上句動詞用法
 ex:I don't like tea, but he does(=likes tea)
so,
 所以
 ex:The manager was ill so I went in her place 經理病了所以我代她去
 也是,(後接倒裝句),可參考這章節"疑問,附加,倒裝,否定"
 ex:she can speak english,so can i 她會說英語,我也會
 ps,若表附合則可用so i am, so i did, so it is, so there are...等(依上句判斷)
   ex:a: you are a muscle man, a:你是一位肌肉男
    b: so i am.  b:是啊,我是啊

for,
 因為(不可置於句首)
 ex:it must be very cold outside,for the lake is frozen over 外面一定很冷,因為湖水都結冰了
nor,
 亦不
 ex:i don't drink nor smoke 我不抽菸也不喝酒
 用於否定,後接倒裝句
 ex:i have not gone there,nor will i ever go 我沒有去過那裡,我也不打算去
 ex,you don't like it ,and nor do i你不喜歡它,我也不喜歡

ps:and,but,or,so連接2個句子前,要加逗點
ex:I saw a dog, and you saw cat
ex:I dropped the glasses, but it didn't break
ex:Do you have class on Monday, or is Monday a holiday
ex:The room was dark, so he truned on a light 

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相關連接詞

both a and b 即a又b(=at once a and b)
 ex:she is both rich and intelligent 她既富有又聰明
 ex:these refugees are at once hungry and thirsty 這些難民又餓又渴
 ex:girls were both more sensitive to sounds and more skillful at fine motor performance than boys
     女孩對聲音要比男孩子敏銳,而在操作汽車的細部動作方面女孩子的技術亦勝過男孩子

either a or b 不是a就是b(v以b為主)
  ex:either you leave the house or i'll call the police 你離開這房子,不然我要叫警察了
  ex:you can either pay now or later 你可以現在付,也可以晚一點付

neither a nor b ab兩者皆非(v以b為主)
  ex:she has neither father nor mother 她沒有父親,也沒有母親
not only a but (also) b 不但a而且b(v以b為主)
  ex:not only the pupils but also the teacher was laughing 不只是學生們,連老師都笑了
  ex:she not only made a mistake ,but also put the blame on me 她不僅犯了錯,還把責任推給我

a as well as b 不但a而且b,a和b一樣地(v以a為主)
 ex:he gave me money as well as advice 他給我錢,也給我忠告
 ex:the mother as well as children is ill 媽媽和小孩一樣地生了病

  ps:as well 也(放句尾)
 ex:you can buy this novel for your friend as well 你也可以買這本小說給你的朋友

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準連接詞(是副詞而非連接詞)
也稱連接副詞,用作子句與子句的結合,在前需接分號或逗點或and,若在句首則省略分號

常用的有以下:
而且:besides,then,also,furthermore,moreover,in addition
 ex:i don't want to go; besides, it's too late 我不想走。而且,己經太晚
 ex:i'll take a bath;then i'll eat  我要洗個澡,然後吃飯
 ex:i'd like a hamburger. also ,i need a cup of coffee 我要一個漢堡。還有一杯咖啡

然而:yet,still,however,nevertheless
  ex:she was very tired;nevertheless,she kept on working 她很疲倦,但仍繼續工作
  ex:she was very tired ; however she kept on working 她很疲倦,但仍繼繼續工作
  ex:it's raining ;still i'd like to go if you don;t mind 現在在下雨;但如果你不介意的話,我想走了
  ex:she saw the rabbit vanish ,yet she couldn't believe it 她看到兔子消失了,然而她卻無法相信這個事實

否則:else,otherwise
  ex:shut your mouth,(or) else i'll hit you!住口,否則我要揍你 !
  ex:i'm taking my umberlla with me;otherwise,i am going to get wet 我要帶一把傘,否則我會淋濕

因此;所以:thus,hence,therefore,accordingly,consequently
  ex:he didn't study. consequently,he failed the test 他沒讀書,因此沒考及格
  ex:he was penniless;hence he had to accept the first offer 他身無分文,因此他必須接受第一個條件

ps:
besides 除了...還要,而且
 ex:she is kind. [besides|beside this],she is rich 她很仁慈. 除此之外,她很有錢
beside n ,除了n還要,在...的旁邊,和...比較,超出...以外
  ex:beside english , we have to study french 除了英語我們還要學法語
  ex:it is lucky that i can sit beside the pretty 我能坐美人旁邊真是幸運

except n 除了n之外
 ex:she enjoys all kinds of fruit except apples 除了蘋果之外,她喜歡所有種類的水果

與連接詞一起用的連接副詞
and also而且,and so所以,and then然後,and therefore因此,and yet然而,but still但,or else否則
ex:he is a good swimmer and also plays tennis well 他是個游泳好手,而且網球也打很好
ex:he was sick and so he could not come 他生病了,因此無法前來
ex:he had dinner first,and then read the newspaper 他先吃晚餐,然後看報紙
ex:he injured his leg and therefore could not run他的腳受傷了,因此無法跑步
ex:he said he would be late, and yet he arrived on time 他說會晚到,然而卻準時來了
ex:his toothache grew worse ,but still he didn't complain他的牙痛加劇,但他卻沒有抱怨
ex:dress warmly,or else you'll catch cold 穿暖一點兒,否則會感冒喔





資料來源:各大文法書與網路資料

2008-07-17 16:51:31發表   


 


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